CellCept: 250 mg Capsules, 500 mg Tablets. Myfortic: 180, 360 mg Tablets

Mycophenolate Mofetil (mye-koe-fee-noe-late moe-fe-til) [CellCept] Mycophenolic Acid (mye-koe-fee-noe-lik) [Myfortic] Drug Classification (The therapeutic classification, which categorizes drugs by the disease state they are used to treat, appears first, followed by the pharmacologic classification, which is based on the drug’s mechanism of action.) Therapeutic class: immunosuppressants Pregnancy Category (pregnancy categories (A, B, C, D, and X)… Read More »

Psychoactive Substance Use Disorders and Suicide

Diagnosis and treatment Practical guidelines for the assessment and treatment of patients with SUDs have been published by the American Psychiatric Association (APA) and by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE), and reported several forms of beneficial therapy including both somatic and psychological treatments. The duration of treatment may vary, but to… Read More »

Depression and Suicide

Suicidal behavior is one of the most serious outcomes of psychiatric illness and is particularly associated with major depression. Standardized tools for classifying mental disorders () list suicidal cognitions as one of the key symptoms of depression. They can range in severity from “recurrent thoughts of death” or “thinking that you would be better off… Read More »

Phenobarbital: 15 mg; 30mg ; 60mg; 100mg. Uses and Administration

Phenobarbital is a barbiturate that may be used as an antiepileptic to control partial and generalised tonic-clonic seizures. It is also used as part of the emergency management of acute seizures including status epilepticus. The dose should be adjusted to the needs of the individual patient to achieve adequate control of seizures; this usually requires… Read More »

Lamotrigine: 25mg, 50mg, 100mg, 150mg, 200mg, 250mg. Uses and Administration

Lamotrigine, a phenyltriazine compound, is an antiepileptic used mainly for monotherapy or adjunctive treatment of partial seizures and primary and secondarily generalised tonic-clonic seizures. It may be used for seizures associated with the Lennox-Gastaut syndrome and for the maintenance treatment of bipolar disorder. The doses given below for the use of lamotrigine in epilepsy are… Read More »

Carbamazepine: 100mg, 200mg, 300mg, 400mg. Uses and Administration

Carbamazepine is a dibenzazepine derivative with antiepileptic and psychotropic properties. It is used to control secondarily generalised tonic-clonic seizures and partial seizures, and in some primary generalised seizures. Carbamazepine is also used in the treatment of trigeminal neuralgia and has been tried with variable success in glossopharyngeal neuralgia and other severe pain syndromes associated with… Read More »

Gabapentin: 100mg, 300mg, 400mg, 600mg, 800mg. Uses and Administration

Gabapentin is an antiepileptic used as monotherapy or adjunctive therapy in the treatment of partial seizures with or without secondary generalisation. It is not generally considered effective for absence seizures. Although gabapentin is an analogue of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), it is neither a GABA agonist nor antagonist and its mechanism of action is unknown. Gabapentin… Read More »

Pharmacological Treatment of Dementia

General guidelines for psychotropic medication use in frail elderly patients are applicable. Systematic evidence to support the effectiveness of particular psychotropic drugs in dementia patients is limited. Therefore, choice of drug class may be based on clinical evidence, and choice of agent is often based on the side-effect profile and on the characteristics of a… Read More »

Mixed Dementia and Dementia in Disseminated Brain Diseases

Vascular Dementia Vascular dementia is defined as the dementia resulting from ischemic, ischemic-hypoxic, or hemorrhagic brain lesions due to cerebrovascular or cardiovascular pathology. Clinical findings in vascular dementia are heterogeneous and depend to a great extent on the speed, total volume, and localization of the lesions. Typically, the onset is in later life, and the… Read More »