Category Archives: Psychotropic Medications

Antipsychotic Drugs

Pharmacologic Profile General Use Treatment of acute and chronic psychoses, particularly when accompanied by increased psychomotor activity. Use of clozapine is limited to schizophrenia unresponsive to conventional therapy. Selected agents are also used as antihistamines or antiemetics. Chlorpromazine is also used in the treatment of intractable hiccups. General Action and Information Blockdopamine receptors in the… Read More »

Anxiety Disorders, Benzodiazepines, Buspirone, and SSRIs

Anxiety disorders are a group of disorders characterized by a feeling of dread, and often accompanied by physical complaints. The five types of anxiety disorders include panic disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, phobic disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and posttraumatic stress disorder. Additionally, depression can have associated features of anxiety as part of the symptom complex. Anxiety is… Read More »

Schizophrenia, Psychotic Disorders, and Antipsychotics

The primary indication for use of antipsychotics is the presence of psychosis in a number of conditions, including schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, delusional disorder, brief psychotic disorder (which maybe present in a number of personality disorders), mood disorders with psychotic features, or psychotic disturbance secondary to an underlying medical condition or substance use disorders, resulting from… Read More »

Bipolar Disorders, Cyclothymia, and Mood Stabilizers

According to DSM, mania is a distinct period of abnormally and persistently elevated, expansive, or irritable mood of at least one week’s duration that significantly impairs occupational and social functioning. The period of mood disturbance is also accompanied by three or four of the following symptoms: inflated self-esteem decreased need for sleep a pressure to… Read More »

Depressive Disorders and Antidepressant Medication

Although treatment with antidepressant medication is indicated for several mental disorders, it is especially useful in decreasing or eliminating symptoms of a major depressive episode, a dysthymic disorder, or the depressed phase of bipolar disorder. According to the fourth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) [American Psychiatric Association], a major… Read More »