Tag Archives: Benztropine

Treatment of Anxiety in the Medically Ill

Psychotherapy An overemphasis on psychopharmacology in the care of medically ill patients may result in overlooking the value of psychotherapy. The first step in the treatment of anxiety is to spend time listening to and talking with the patient. Just as in psychotherapy with any patient, empathic listening is a powerful tool to relieve distress.… Read More »

Treatment for Late-Onset Schizophrenia

As with other types or forms of schizophrenia, neuroleptic or anti-psychotic drugs constitute the mainstay of treatment for late-onset schizophrenia. Conventional or typical neuroleptics Clinical experience and anecdotal reports suggest that neuroleptic therapy produces a positive outcome (remission or reduction in symptoms, and earlier discharge from hospital) in a majority of older patients with schizophrenia… Read More »

Adjunctive Pharmacotherapy and Related Issues

Managing antipsychotic side effects. Antipsychotic drugs produce problematic side effects in many individuals (see Table Side Effects of Typical Antipsychotic Drugs). A major category of side effects results from neurotransmitter dysregulation of the extra-pyramidal motor system. It is thought that these side effects are the result of an imbalance of dopaminergic and acetylcholinergic activity in… Read More »

Common Side Effects: Monitoring and Management Recommendations

Extrapyramidal Side Effects Antipsychotic-induced EPS may occur acutely or after long-term treatment. First-generation antipsychotics, in particular high-potency neuroleptics, are more likely than second-generation antipsychotics to cause EPS when the drugs are used at usual therapeutic doses. However, as can be noted in Table Selected side effects of commonly used antipsychotic medications, considerable variation in the… Read More »

Antipsychotic Drugs Haloperidol Decanoate and Fluphenazine Decanoate

Information About Antipsychotic Drugs Haloperidol Decanoate (Haldol Decanoate) and Fluphenazine Decanoate (Prolixin Decanoate) for Patients and Families Haloperidol decanoate (Haldol Decanoate Injection) and fluphenazine decanoate (Prolixin Decanoate Injection) are long-acting injections of the antipsychotics haloperidol (Haldol) and fluphenazine (Prolixin). In the decanoate formulation, the antipsychotics are suspended in sterile sesame oil to extend the duration… Read More »

Antipsychotic Drug Ziprasidone (Geodon)

Information About Antipsychotic Drug Ziprasidone (Geodon) for Patients and Families Ziprasidone (Geodon) is an antipsychotic drug used in the treatment of psychotic disorders, including schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder and psychotic depression, and acute mania in bipolar disorder. Ziprasidone is a second-generation antipsychotic, a new class of medicines with actions different from those of the older, first-generation… Read More »

Antipsychotic Drug Risperidone (Risperdal)

Information About Antipsychotic Drug Risperidone (Risperdal and Risperdal Consta) for Patients and Families Risperidone (Risperdal) is an antipsychotic drug used in the treatment of psychotic disorders, including schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder and psychotic depression, and acute mania in bipolar disorder. Risperidone is a second-generation antipsychotic, a new class of medicines that have actions different from those… Read More »

Antipsychotic Drug Quetiapine (Seroquel)

Information About Antipsychotic Drug Quetiapine (Seroquel) for Patients and Families Quetiapine (Seroquel) is an antipsychotic drug used in the treatment of psychotic disorders, including schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, psychotic depression, and acute mania in bipolar disorder. Quetiapine is one of the second-generation antipsychotics, a new class of medicines that have actions different from those of older,… Read More »

Antipsychotic Drug Olanzapine (Zyprexa)

Information About Antipsychotic Drug Olanzapine (Zyprexa) for Patients and Families Olanzapine (Zyprexa) was first marketed in the United States in 1996, primarily for treatment of schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder. However, olanzapine was also shown to be effective for treating mood disorders, such as bipolar disorder, and received an indication from the U.S. Food and Drug… Read More »

Antipsychotic Drug Clozapine (Clozaril)

Information About Antipsychotic Drug Clozapine (Clozaril) for Patients and Families Clozapine (Clozaril) was used in Europe for many decades before it become available in the United States in 1989. Clozapine is one of the earlier second-generation antipsychotics that represent a new class of medicines with actions uniquely different from those of the older, first-generation antipsychotics.… Read More »