Tag Archives: Dial

Gabapentin: 100mg, 300mg, 400mg, 600mg, 800mg. Uses and Administration

Gabapentin is an antiepileptic used as monotherapy or adjunctive therapy in the treatment of partial seizures with or without secondary generalisation. It is not generally considered effective for absence seizures. Although gabapentin is an analogue of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), it is neither a GABA agonist nor antagonist and its mechanism of action is unknown. Gabapentin… Read More »

Cortical Dementias

Alzheimer’s Disease Most cases of Alzheimer’s disease start after age 65, but an earlier onset is not infrequent. Although some authors consider “presenile” and “senile” clinical forms to be different diseases, most consider them the same disorder with varied age at onset. The characteristic general dementia syndrome has been described and includes the cortical signs… Read More »

Suicide in the Medically Ill

Physical disease is present in a high proportion of people who commit suicide. A recent review cited several large studies that reported that medical illness was present in 30%-40% of the patients who committed suicide. However, most of these suicides do not occur during medical hospitalization. About 2% of Finnish suicides occurred in medical or… Read More »

Pharmacotherapy of Adult ADHD

Originally conceptualized as a disorder of childhood (), attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is increasingly recognized in adults. attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is estimated to affect 2-9% of school-age children and up to 5% of adults (). Although some investigators question the persistence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in adulthood (), long-term controlled follow-up studies… Read More »

Restless Legs Syndrome and Periodic Limb Movements

Patients with restless legs syndrome describe subjective discomfort of the lower extremities that worsens at night. Patients can have an irresistible need to move their legs in bed or during prolonged periods of sedentary activity, such as airplane flights. This condition was first described by Ekblom in 1945. As a result of these distressing symptoms,… Read More »

Explanation of Psychotropic Meds

Question. I’m a school nurse at a special education school for kids with psychiatric and behavioral disorders who are a danger to themselves or others. I give lots of psychotropic meds to kids at school. This year, I’d like to provide some information for teachers and other school staff about the meds our kids are… Read More »

Delirium (Acute Confusional State)

Description of Medical Condition Delirium is a neurologic complication of illness and/or medication use that is especially common in older patients. The key diagnostic features are an acute change in mental status that fluctuates, abnormal attention, and either disorganized thinking or altered level of consciousness. Delirium is a medical emergency requiring immediate evaluation in order… Read More »

Preventive Treatment for Migraine

Migraine is a common episodic headache disorder characterized by attacks that consist of various combinations of headache and neurologie, gastrointestinal, and autonomie symptoms. It has a one-year prevalence of approximately 18% in women, 6% in men, and 4% in children. The second edition of the International Classification of Headache Disorders (ICHD-2) subclassifies migraine into migraine… Read More »