Tag Archives: Meprobamate

Treatment of Anxiety in the Medically Ill

Psychotherapy An overemphasis on psychopharmacology in the care of medically ill patients may result in overlooking the value of psychotherapy. The first step in the treatment of anxiety is to spend time listening to and talking with the patient. Just as in psychotherapy with any patient, empathic listening is a powerful tool to relieve distress.… Read More »

REM Sleep Behavior Disorder

Rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder is a disorder of motor control during rapid eye movement sleep characterized by complex and often violent motor behaviors usually accompanied by vivid dreams. Polysomnography reveals a complete or intermittent loss of physiological muscle atonia and an excessive electromyographic (EMG) phasic activity during rapid eye movement sleep. Etiology, Pathophysiology,… Read More »

Antianxiety Drugs

Pharmacologic Profile General Use Antianxiety agents are used in the management of various forms of anxiety, including generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). Some agents are more suitable for intermittent or short-term use (benzodiazepines) while others are more useful long-term (buspirone, doxepin, fluoxetine, paroxetine, sertraline, venlafaxine). General Action and Information Most agents cause generalized CNS depression. Benzodiazepines… Read More »

Parasomnias: Pharmacological Treatment

The arousal disorders can occur or increase in intensity secondary to medications that increase the amount of deep sleep. Such medications include lithium, γ-hydroxybutyrate, and the opiates. Nicotine, caffeine, and alcohol have been implicated as well in somnambulism. The clinical use of pharmacological agents affecting the neurotransmitters norepinephr-ine, serotonin, and dopamine are associated with the… Read More »