Tag Archives: Neurontin

Gabapentin: 100mg, 300mg, 400mg, 600mg, 800mg. Uses and Administration

Gabapentin is an antiepileptic used as monotherapy or adjunctive therapy in the treatment of partial seizures with or without secondary generalisation. It is not generally considered effective for absence seizures. Although gabapentin is an analogue of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), it is neither a GABA agonist nor antagonist and its mechanism of action is unknown. Gabapentin… Read More »

Information about Bipolar Disorder for Patients and Families

Bipolar disorder, also called manic-depressive disorder, is a recurrent illness in which the individual’s mood cycles between depression and mania with periods of normality. The illness is a mood disorder. The individual’s moods may swing from manic euphoria, with boundless energy in pursuit of grandiose plans, to depths of depression, with feelings of despair and… Read More »

Autism

Description of Medical Condition Autism is a pervasive developmental disorder of early childhood characterized by severe impairment in: • Effective social skills • Absent or impaired language development • Repetitive and/or stereotyped activities and interests, especially inanimate objects System(s) affected: Nervous Genetics: High concordance in monozygotic twins; increased prevalence in siblings Incidence/Prevalence in USA: About… Read More »

Chronic Illness: Current Therapies

The main goal of bipolar disorder drug treatment is to establish euthymia (stable mood with a persistent sense of well-being) without inducing mania or rapid cycling (i.e., four or more mood episodes in a 12-month period). For this reason, drug treatment usually consists of an agent or, more frequently, combinations of agents that exert both… Read More »

Treatment Of The Child Or Adolescent With Newly Diagnosed Epilepsy

Paediatric epilepsy is amazingly diverse. In some children, basic diagnosis, seizure classification and treatment are straightforward. Other patients have difficult-to-diagnose seizures, complicated seizure classification and a variable response to treatment. Some seizures are subclinical, others are barely noticeable, and occasionally they are life threatening. Many children with epilepsy have no associated disabilities, but all children… Read More »

TTHs occurring about once to twice a week…

At a new-patient appointment, a 29-year-old woman reported TTHs occurring about once to twice a week. She had multiple repetitive questions about her headaches and, despite normal brain imaging in the past year, was difficult to reassure that her headaches were not due to a dread disease. At your suggestion, she considered a preventative medication;… Read More »

Treatment of idiopathic intracranial hypertension?

Which of the following is used to preserve vision in patients with idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH)? A. Optic nerve sheath decompression (ONSD) B. Intracranial venous sinus stent placement C. Ventriculoperitoneal shunt placement D. Lumboperitoneal shunt placement E. All of the above The answer is E. Optic nerve sheath decompression (ONSD), which is also called optic… Read More »

Botulinum Toxin

Botulinum toxin is licensed for the symptomatic treatment of blepharospasm and hemifacial spasm. It is used without licence to relieve pains due to other types of muscle spasm. The pharmaceutical preparation contains botulinum toxin of the type A serotype, serum albumin and sodium chloride. The botulinum toxin was first isolated in 1895 from the food… Read More »

Cannabinoids

The cannabinoids are derived from the resin of the plant Cannabis sativa. The only known active constituent is 9-tetrahydrocannabinol (59-THC). Other cannabinoids are an oral synthetic nitrogen analogue of THC and intramuscular levonantradol. There are claims for their use in nausea and vomiting, appetite stimulation in HIV-infected patients, movement disorders and glaucoma. There have also… Read More »

Which of the drugs has been shown to be effective in the prophylaxis of migraine in children?

Which of the following medications has been shown to be effective in the prophylaxis of basilar-type migraine in children? A. Propranolol (Inderal) B. Topiramate (Topamax) C. Gabapentin (Neurontin) D. Lamotrigine (Lamictal) E. All of the above The answer is B. Basilar-type migraine represents up to 20% of migraine headaches in children and adolescents. This primary… Read More »