Tag Archives: Xanax

Minor Depression

Etiology and Pathophysiology Minor depression is only a proposed diagnosis in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, and there are no International Classification of Diseases codes to categorize it. The proposed diagnostic category for minor depression in Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition describes a depressive disorder that… Read More »

Minor Depression: Escitalopram, Paroxetine, Sertraline, and Fluoxetine

Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors The seven available agents in the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor class are citalopram (Lund-beck’s Cipramil, Forest Laboratories’ Celexa, generics) and its single enan-tiomer, escitalopram (Lundbeck’s Cipralex, Forest’s Lexapro); paroxetine (GSK’s Paxil/Seroxat, Novartis’s Frosinor, generics); the controlled-release version of paroxetine (GSK’s Paxil CR); sertraline (Pfizer’s Zoloft); fluoxetine (Eli Lilly’s Prozac, generics); and… Read More »

Chronic Illness: Current Therapies

The main goal of bipolar disorder drug treatment is to establish euthymia (stable mood with a persistent sense of well-being) without inducing mania or rapid cycling (i.e., four or more mood episodes in a 12-month period). For this reason, drug treatment usually consists of an agent or, more frequently, combinations of agents that exert both… Read More »

Anxiety Disorders in Children and Adolescents: Pharmacotherapy

With advances in the identification of child- and adolescent-onset anxiety () has come a concomitant increase in the application of pharmacological treatments borrowed in part from successful strategies applied in adult populations with similar disorders (). Conversely, although psychopharmacological interventions are increasingly recognized as an essential part of the treatment armamentarium for anxious youths (),… Read More »

Anxiety Disorders, Benzodiazepines, Buspirone, and SSRIs

Anxiety disorders are a group of disorders characterized by a feeling of dread, and often accompanied by physical complaints. The five types of anxiety disorders include panic disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, phobic disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and posttraumatic stress disorder. Additionally, depression can have associated features of anxiety as part of the symptom complex. Anxiety is… Read More »

Treat Bipolar Disorder: Drug Names and Common Dosages

This post reviews the drugs commonly used to treat bipolar disorder. As an active participant in your treatment, it is important for you to know the purpose as well as the proper dosage, side effects, and schedule for each drug you use. This information makes it easier for you and your doctor to select and… Read More »

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is an anxiety disorder that develops after exposure to a traumatic event and is frequently comorbid with depression. Examples of traumatic events that might lead to posttraumatic stress disorder include but are not limited to military combat, motor vehicle accidents, sexual or violent physical assaults, and natural or human-caused disasters. In… Read More »

Treatment Of Specific Parasomnias

Disorders of Arousal The disorders of arousal constitute a continuum of overlapping disorders, all of which respond to the same general therapeutic manipulations. The disorders of arousal are most generally treated with environmental protection of the patient and family reassurance, particularly in children since the parasomnia most often decreases and disappears as the individual enters… Read More »